The United Nations Framework Convention (UNFCCC) is an international treaty entrusted with climate change adaptation and mitigation. It came into force in 1994.

India joined UNFCCC right from its inception.

The Conference of the Parties (COP) is highest decision-making body of UNFCCC. The secretariat of COP is located in Bonn, Germany. The first COP conference was held in Berlin in 1995. Thereafter, COP has been held each to assess the progress of the climate action efforts.

Perhaps, the most famous COP of them all thus far is COP21, Paris. It was here that the historic Paris Accord was agreed upon.

The latest COP is COP25.

COP25 Chile Official Logo

COP25 will be held in Parque Bicentenario Cerrillos in Santiago de Chile, Chile from 2 to 13 December, 2019. Ms. Carolina Schmidt, Minister of the Environment in Chile, is to serve as the President of COP25.

COP25 is also referred to as the Blue COP owing to the decision of the COP Presidency to focus on the role of oceans in climate action.